David Coady is Division Chief of the Expenditure Policy Division at the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF. Prior to joining the IMF, he was Research Fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute and held academic positions at the University of London. He earned his Ph.D. in economics from the London School of Economics in 1992.  His research interests include development and public economics, and he has worked extensively on policy issues related to the efficiency and distributional implications of public policies including indirect taxes, public sector pricing, social spending, the evaluation of safety net programs, and age-related spending.